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Early Years Education

By Margaret Frewer

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Communication and Language

Help your child to improve their Listening and Attention skills and their Understanding�by reading stories and asking questions or by playing games. Your child should be asking how or why. They will develop their Speech when talking about family events etc. and should be using past, present and future forms.


Encourage your child to begin Reading. Children will benefit from using phonics. They should be able to decode regular words and read them aloud and demonstrate an understanding of what they have read. They should also begin to develop their Writing�skills to write words in ways that match the spoken words, using their phonic knowledge.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Making Relationships. Help your child by having play dates. They should be able to play cooperatively and take turns. They should show sensitivity to others feelings and form positive relationships. They need to develop Self-confidence and Self-awareness�by trying new activities and speaking in a familiar group. They should talk about ideas and say whether or not they need help. Your child should be able to Manage Feelings and Behaviour.

Physical Development

Moving and Handling. Your child should be able to show control and coordination. There are lots of activities such as playing in the park and on the apparatus, ball games, dance, sports, art and crafts and colouring etc. that will all help develop your child's motor skills. The other area is Health and Self-care. Help your child understand the importance for good health through exercise and a healthy diet. They should also manage their own personal hygiene and needs.


This is a big one! Resources will definitely help. Try to make the learning fun by playing board games and using lots of fun objects. Numbers. Your child should be able to count to 20 and place the numbers in order, say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using objects, add or subtract two single digit numbers and count on or back. Solve problems by doubling, halving and sharing. Shape, Space and Measureawareness requires the use of language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems. Baking activities are great for these! They should also be able to recognise, create and describe patterns�and explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes using mathematical language.

Understanding the World

People and Communities. This is about understanding similarities and differences between themselves and others and among families, communities and traditions and talking about past and present events. Children should be sensitive and understand that others don't always see things the same way. There are great resources out there to help with this, especially factual books and TV. if you do not travel much. The World�encompasses the similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things, understanding their own environment and the animals, plants and habitats and how they change. Technology. Recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools and that they can select and use it for different purposes.

Expressive Arts and Design

Exploring using media and materials, singing songs, making music and dancing. Being Imaginative by using their own ideas through design and technology, art, music, dance, role play and stories.


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